The top innovators and spenders

In each of the nine Global Innovation 1000 studies, Strategy& has identified and published the top 20 publicly traded companies worldwide that spent the most on R&D. In addition, for the past four years we have asked the Global Innovation 1000 survey respondents to name the companies they thought were the world’s most innovative.

Click on the tabs below to learn more about the 10 Most Innovative Companies or Top 20 R&D Spenders.

2013: 10 Most innovative companies

2013
Rank
2012
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)*
1 1 Apple United States Computing and electronics 3.4
2 2 Google United States Software and internet 6.8
3 4 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 10.4
4 10 Amazon United States Software and internet 4.6
5 3 3M United States Industrials 1.6
6 5 General Electric United States Industrials 4.5
7 6 Microsoft United States Software and internet 9.8
8 9 IBM United States Software and internet 6.3
9 New - Tesla Motors United States Automotive 0.3
10 New - Facebook United States Software and internet 1.4

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.


2013: Top 20 R&D spenders

2013
Rank
2012
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 11 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 11.4
2 6 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 10.4
3 3 Roche Switzerland Health 10.2
4 8 Intel United States Computing and electronics 10.1
5 5 Microsoft United States Software and internet 9.8
6 1 Toyota Japan Automotive 9.8
7 2 Novartis Switzerland Health 9.3
8 7 Merck United States Health 8.2
9 4 Pfizer United States Health 7.9
10 12 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 7.7
11 9 GM United States Automotive 7.4
12 26 Google United States Software and internet 6.8
13 15 Honda Japan Automotive 6.8
14 19 Daimler Germany Automotive 6.6
15 13 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 6.3
16 17 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.3
17 16 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.3
18 10 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 6.1
19 14 Panasonic Japan Computing and electronics 6.1
20 21 Sony Japan Computing and electronics 5.7

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2012: 10 Most innovative companies

2012
Rank
2011
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)*
1 1 Apple United States Computing and electronics 2.4
2 2 Google United States Software and internet 5.2
3 3 3M United States Industrials 1.6
4 7 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 9.0
5 4 General Electric United States Industrials 4.6
6 5 Microsoft United States Computing and electronics 9.0
7 9 Toyota Japan Automotive 9.9
8 8 Procter & Gamble United States Consumer 2.0
9 6 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.3
10 New - Amazon United States Software and internet 2.9

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.


2012: Top 20 R&D spenders

2012
Rank
2011
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 6 Toyota Japan Automotive 9.9
2 3 Novartis Switzerland Health 9.6
3 1 Roche Switzerland Health 9.4
4 2 Pfizer United States Health 9.1
5 4 Microsoft United States Software and internet 9.0
6 7 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 9.0
7 5 Merck United States Health 8.5
8 11 Intel United States Computing and electronics 8.4
9 9 GM United States Automotive 8.1
10 8 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 7.8
11 14 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 7.7
12 10 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 7.5
13 16 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 6.7
14 12 Panasonic Japan Computing and electronics 6.6
15 17 Honda Japan Automotive 6.6
16 13 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.3
17 15 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.3
18 19 Cisco United States Computing and electronics 5.8
19 26 Daimler Germany Automotive 5.8
20 18 AstraZeneca United Kingdom Health 5.5

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2011: 10 Most innovative companies

2011
Rank
2010
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 1 Apple United States Computing and electronics 1.8
2 2 Google United States Software and internet 3.8
3 3 3M United States Industrials 1.4
4 4 General Electric United States Industrials 3.9
5 6 Microsoft United States Software and internet 8.7
6 8 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.0
7 9 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 7.9
8 7 Procter & Gamble United States Consumer 2.0
9 5 Toyota Japan Automotive 8.6
10 New - Facebook United States Software and internet -**

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st. ** Not reported.


2011: Top 20 R&D spenders

2011
Rank
2010
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 1 Roche Switzerland Health 9.6
2 5 Pfizer United States Health 9.4
3 6 Novartis Switzerland Health 9.1
4 2 Microsoft United States Software and internet 8.7
5 14 Merck United States Health 8.6
6 4 Toyota Japan Automotive 8.5
7 10 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 7.9
8 3 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 7.8
9 11 GM United States Automotive 7.0
10 7 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 6.8
11 13 Intel United States Computing and electronics 6.6
12 18 Panasonic Japan Computing and electronics 6.2
13 9 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.1
14 15 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 6.1
15 12 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.0
16 8 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 5.8
17 19 Honda Japan Automotive 5.7
18 22 AstraZeneca United Kingdom Health 5.3
19 17 Cisco United States Computing and electronics 5.3
20 16 Siemens Germany Industrials 5.2

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2010: 10 Most innovative companies

2010
Rank
2009
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 - - Apple United States Computing and electronics 1.3
2 - - Google United States Software and internet 2.8
3 - - 3M United States Industrials 1.3
4 - - General Electric United States Industrials 3.3
5 - - Toyota Japan Automotive 7.8
6 - - Microsoft United States Software and internet 9.0
7 - - Procter & Gamble United States Consumer 2.0
8 - - IBM United States Computing and electronics 5.8
9 - - Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 6.0
10 - - Intel United States Computing and electronics 5.7

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.


2010: Top 20 R&D spenders

2010
Rank
2009
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 3 Roche Switzerland Health 9.1
2 4 Microsoft United States Software and internet 9.0
3 2 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 8.2
4 1 Toyota Japan Automotive 7.8
5 6 Pfizer United States Health 7.7
6 9 Novartis Switzerland Health 7.5
7 7 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 7.0
8 10 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 6.4
9 11 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.2
10 12 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 6.0
11 5 GM United Kingdom Automotive 6.0
12 13 IBM United States Computing and electronics 5.8
13 14 Intel United States Computing and electronics 5.7
14 23 Merck United States Health 5.6
15 17 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 5.4
16 15 Siemens Germany Industrials 5.3
17 19 Cisco United States Computing and electronics 5.2
18 20 Panasonic Japan Computing and electronics 5.1
19 16 Honda Japan Automotive 5.0
20 8 Ford United States Automotive 4.9

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2009: Top 20 R&D spenders

2009
Rank
2008
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 1 Toyota Japan Automotive 9.0
2 4 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 8.7
3 8 Roche Switzerland Health 8.2
4 7 Microsoft United States Software and internet 8.2
5 2 GM United States Automotive 8.0
6 3 Pfizer United States Health 7.9
7 5 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 7.6
8 6 Ford United States Automotive 7.3
9 11 Novartis Switzerland Health 7.2
10 12 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 6.7
11 10 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.4
12 9 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 6.4
13 13 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.3
14 14 Intel United States Computing and electronics 5.7
15 21 Siemens Germany Industrials 5.7
16 16 Honda Japan Automotive 5.6
17 19 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 5.4
18 15 AstraZeneca United Kingdom Health 5.2
19 22 Cisco United States Computing and electronics 5.2
20 18 Panasonic Japan Computing and electronics 5.2

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2008: Top 20 R&D spenders

2008
Rank
2007
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 1 Toyota Japan Automotive 8.4
2 6 GM United States Automotive 8.1
3 2 Pfizer United States Health 8.1
4 18 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 7.7
5 4 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 7.7
6 3 Ford United States Automotive 7.5
7 7 Microsoft United States Software and internet 7.1
8 16 Roche Switzerland Health 7.0
9 11 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 6.5
10 8 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.5
11 14 Novartis Switzerland Health 6.4
12 13 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 6.2
13 10 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.2
14 12 Intel United States Computing and electronics 5.8
15 25 AstraZeneca United Kingdom Health 5.2
16 20 Honda Japan Automotive 5.1
17 19 Merck United States Health 4.9
18 17 Matsushita (Panasonic) Japan Computing and electronics 4.8
19 15 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 4.8
20 21 Sony Japan Computing and electronics 4.6

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2007: Top 20 R&D spenders

2007
Rank
2006
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 3 Toyota Japan Automotive 7.6
2 2 Pfitzer United States Health 7.6
3 1 Ford United States Automotive 7.2
4 7 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 7.1
5 4 Daimler Germany Automotive 6.7
6 5 GM United States Automotive 6.6
7 8 Microsoft United States Software and internet 6.6
8 10 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 6.4
9 6 Siemens Germany Industrials 6.2
10 9 IBM United States Computing and electronics 6.1
11 11 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 6.0
12 12 Intel United States Computing and electronics 5.9
13 14 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 5.6
14 16 Novartis Switzerland Health 5.3
15 13 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 5.3
16 19 Roche Switzerland Health 5.3
17 15 Matsushita (Panasonic) Japan Computing and electronics 4.9
18 17 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 4.9
19 22 Merck United States Health 4.8
20 20 Honda Japan Automotive 4.7

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2006: Top 20 R&D spenders

2006
Rank
2005
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 3 Ford United States Automotive 8.0
2 2 Pfizer United States Health 7.4
3 5 Toyota Japan Automotive 7.2
4 4 Daimler Germany Automotive 7.0
5 6 GM United States Automotive 6.7
6 7 Siemens Germany Industrials 6.5
7 10 Johnson & Johnson United States Health 6.3
8 1 Microsoft United States Software and internet 6.2
9 9 IBM United States Computing and electronics 5.8
10 11 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 5.7
11 17 Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 5.4
12 12 Intel United States Computing and electronics 5.1
13 13 Volkswagen Germany Automotive 5.1
14 31 Sanofi-Aventis France Health 5.0
15 8 Matsushita (Panasonic) Japan Computing and electronics 5.0
16 18 Novartis Switzerland Health 4.8
17 15 Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 4.8
18 14 Sony Japan Computing and electronics 4.7
19 19 Roche Switzerland Health 4.7
20 16 Honda Japan Automotive 4.5

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.

2005: Top 20 R&D spenders

2005
Rank
2004
Rank
Company Geography Industry R&D
Spend ($Bn)
*
1 - - Microsoft United States Software and internet 7.8
2 - - Pfizer United States Health 7.7
3 - - Ford United States Automotive 7.4
4 - - Daimler Germany Automotive 7.0
5 - - Toyota Japan Automotive 7.0
6 - - GM United States Automotive 6.5
7 - - Siemens Germany Industrials 6.2
8 - - Matsushita (Panasonic) Japan Computing and electronics 5.7
9 - - IBM United States Computing and electronics 5.7
10 - - Johnson & Johnson United States Health 5.2
11 - - GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Health 5.2
12 - - Intel United States Computing and electronics 4.8
13 - - Volkswagen Germany Automotive 4.7
14 - - Sony Japan Computing and electronics 4.7
15 - - Nokia Finland Computing and electronics 4.6
16 - - Honda Japan Automotive 4.4
17 - - Samsung South Korea Computing and electronics 4.3
18 - - Novartis Switzerland Health 4.2
19 - - Roche Switzerland Health 4.1
20 - - Merck United States Health 4.0

* R&D spend data is based on the most recent full-year figures reported prior to July 1st.